The International Affective Picture System (IAPS; Lang, Bradley, & Cuthbert, 2005) is a widely-used set of emotional pictures. The following norms expand the IAPS ratings by providing ratings for young AND older adults for a subset of 504 pictures. The norms contain ratings of valence and arousal as well as memorability data from a recognition experiment.
When citing the ratings, the appropriate citation is:
- Grühn, D., & Scheibe, S. (2008). Gruhn-Scheibe_2008_PictureData.txt. Retrieved [Month Day, Year] from Behavior Research Methods Supplementary Material: http://brm.psychonomic-journals.org/.
When citing the corresponding study, the appropriate citation is:
- Grühn, D., & Scheibe, S. (2008). Age-related differences in valence and arousal ratings of pictures from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS): Does age make it more extreme? Behavior Research Methods, 40, 512-521.